Seventh Annual Conference

July 10–15, 2001


Wednesday, July 11, 2001

9:15 a.m.
Session 1 • At the Crossroads of the Atlantic World: Bermuda in Three Centuries
Main Building, G678

Chair: Roderick McDonald, Rider University

“Peopled with faith, truth, grace, religion”: The Local Context for the Coming of the English Civil War in Bermuda
Neil Kennedy, University of Western Ontario

From Field to Sea: Maritime Revolution and the Transformation of Bermuda, 1680–1750
Michael J. Jarvis, Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture

An Island of Respectability: Middle Class Culture in Bermuda, 1790–1850
John T. Adams, New York University

Comment: Trevor Burnard, Brunel University
Alison Games, Georgetown University

Session 2 • Gender, Warfare, and Diplomacy on the Eighteenth-Century Frontier
Main Building, H13

Chair: Elaine Forman Crane, Fordham University

War Makes the Man: Masculinity and British Soldiers in Late Colonial America
Peter Way, University of Sussex

“Your Women Are of No Small Consequence”: The Female Factor in the British-Iroquois Alliance
Gail D. Danvers, King’s College, University of London

The Life of Sister Marie-Joseph de L’enfant Jesus, or, How a Little English Girl Became a Big French Politician and Why Nobody Knows It
Ann M. Little, University of Dayton

Comment: Elaine Forman Crane

Session 3 • Mapping Power in Colonial America
Main Building, G26

Chair: Mark Thompson, Johns Hopkins University

The Selling of America, or, How the Dutch Invented the Exotic New World
Benjamin Schmidt, University of Washington

Rendering Empires: Cartographical Contests for Geographical and Ideological Control of the American Southeast, 1700–1730
Meaghan Duff, Western Kentucky University

Geographic Ignorance and Imperial Policy: The Uncharted American Southwest and Spanish Neutrality during the Early Years of the Seven Years’ War
Paul Mapp, Harvard University

Comment: Cynthia Van Zandt, University of New Hampshire

Session 4 • Massachusetts and the American Revolution Reconsidered
Main Building, G29

Chair: Alison Gilbert Olson, University of Maryland

“The Infamous Governor”: Francis Bernard and the Origins of the American Revolution
Colin Nicolson, University of Stirling

“A Hideous Pope!”: The Transformation of Pope’s Day in Provincial Boston, 1699–1776
Brendan McConville, Binghamton University

War, Politics, and Revolution Twenty Years Later
William Pencak, Pennsylvania State University

Comment: Alison Gilbert Olson

Session 5 • Negotiating Identity in an Age of Revolution
Main Building, G6

Chair: Susan Juster, University of Michigan

“The Characters of Men”: Interrogating Identity in Eighteenth-Century Anglo-American Political Culture
Marcus Daniel, University of Hawaii at Manoa

Men of Feeling?: Soldiers and Statesmen in the Revolutionary Anglo-Atlantic World
Sarah Knott, University of Oxford

The Problem of English Identity in the American Revolution
Dror Wahrman, University of Indiana

Comment: Susan Juster

Session 6 • Rethinking Religion in a Commercial World: Contexts, Contest, and the Meaning of Revolutionary Community
Main Building, G25

Chair: Jim Schmidt, Independent Scholar

Reconceiving Community in the Commercial Empire: The Sandemanian Controversy of the 1760s in New England
Seth Cotlar, Willamette University

Religion in the Revolutionary Army: “Disinterested Benevolence,” Political Obligations, and the Atlantic Commercial World
Karen O’Brien, Northwestern University

“Reasons why the Baptists, generally espouse Republicanism”: Evangelicalism and the Revolutionary Tradition in Early National Virginia
Randolph Scully, University of Pennsylvania

Comment: John Smith, State University of New York, Albany

Session 7 • After Salem
Main Building, G6

Chair: Jane Kamensky, Brandeis University

The Salem Witchcraft Trials from Lived Experience to Cultural Memory
Gretchen Adams, University of New Hampshire

Witch Transformations: Or, What Happened to Witch Fears after 1692?
Carol Karlsen, University of Michigan

Comment: Jane Kamensky
Bernard Rosenthal, State University of New York, Binghamton

Session 8 • Was There a Dutch Atlantic World?
Main Building, G26

Chair: Jaap Jacobs, Amsterdam/New Netherland Center

New Amsterdam, a Nexus of the Dutch Atlantic World
James H. Williams, Middle Tennessee State University

“Tho the stock be joynt yett the gaines are Severall”: Manhattan Merchants and Their Partners in the Seventeenth Century
Dennis J. Maika, Fox Lane High School

In the Republic’s Tradition: The Persistence of Dutch Culture in the Mid-Atlantic Colonies after the 1664 English Conquest
David William Voorhees, Papers of Jacob Leisler

Comment: Claudia Schnurmann, Seminar fur Mittlere and Neuere Geschichte

Session 9 • The Early American Labor Force: Composition, Organization, Deployment, and Control Main Building, H13

Chair: J. Douglas Deal, State University of New York, Oswego

Reconsidering Indentured Servitude: European Migration and the Early American Labor Force, 1600–1775
Christopher Tomlins, American Bar Foundation

New Theories of Servitude: Three Colonial Case Studies
Christine Daniels, Michigan State University

Patriarchalism and Exploitation in the Early Eighteenth-Century British Caribbean: Sir William Stapleton and his Nevis Sugar Plantation
Keith Mason, University of Liverpool

Comment: J. Douglas Deal

Session 10 • The Influence of the Scottish Enlightenment
Main Building, G29

Chair: Alex Murdoch, Edinburgh University

Moderates in Conflict: Primitive and Enlightened Scottish and Ulster-Scots Calvinists in South Carolina, 1760–1850
Robert M. Calhoon, University of North Carolina, Greensboro

Defining Freedom and Authority in the British Empire: George Chalmers and the Challenge of the American Revolution
Paul Tonks, Johns Hopkins University

John Adams’ Conversation with Adam Smith
Richard Samuelson, University of Glasgow

Comment: David Armitage, Columbia University

Session 11 • New Approaches to Quaker Identity
Main Building, G678

Chair: Alan Tully, University of British Columbia

The Perpetual Crisis of being Quaker: Group Identity and Cultural Diversity in the Delaware Valley
Liam Riordan, University of Maine

Quaker Plain Dress, 1790–1815: The Aesthetics of Absence
Mary Anne Caton, South Street Seaport Museum

Quaker Dream Maps
Carla Gerona, Eastern Illinois University

Comment: Evan Haefeli, Princeton University

Session 12 • Women, Print, and the Eighteenth-Century Anglo-Atlantic World
Main Building, G25

Chair: Sarah M. S. Pearsall, University of Cambridge

Colonial Women’s Reading, North and South, or, How Dr. John Gregory Played in Philadelphia and Williamsburg
Catherine Kerrison, Villanova University

Perceptions of Class in British-American Women’s Travel Narratives
Susan Clair Imbarrato, Minnesota State University, Moorhead

The Accomplished Woman in the Early Republic
Catherine Kelly, University of Oklahoma

Comment: Sarah M. S. Pearsall

Session 13 • Aspiration and Experience in the British Atlantic World
Main Building, G678

Chair: Michael Braddick, University of Sheffield

What the Slaveholders Were Up Against: Contests over Slavery in the Early British Empire
Christopher L. Brown, Rutgers University

Between Religious Marketplace and Spiritual Wasteland: Religion in the British Atlantic World
Carla Gardina Pestana, Ohio State University

Exchanging Aspirations: Networks of Wants and Needs in the English Atlantic, 1607–1770
Nuala Zahedieh, University of Edinburgh

Comment: Jane Ohlmeyer, University of Aberdeen

Session 14 • People Without Power and the Changing Nature of Authority in the Early Republic Main Building, G25

Chair: Woody Holton, University of Richmond

The Politics of Consent and the Legal Status of Children
Holly Brewer, North Carolina State University

Taking Liberties: Black Freedom and State Authority in Revolutionary North Carolina
Charlotte Haller, Drake University

New England Indians, Guardians, and Developing Notions of Authority in the Early Republic
Daniel Mandell, Truman State University

Comment: Christopher Tomlins, American Bar Association

Session 15 • Crossroads: The Intersection of Economic and Cultural Change in the Anglo-American World
Main Building, H13

Chair: Margaret E. Newell, Ohio State University

Mercantilism, Free Trade, and Common Civility: Benjamin Franklin on the “Interest” of the Nation
Carla Mulford, Pennsylvania State University

Fruits of Banking Capital
Joe Torre, State University of New York, Binghamton

Software for a New Economy: Cotton Plantations, Manufacturing, and Trade in the Atlantic World, 1795–1820
David J. Libby, University of Texas, San Antonio

A Failed Transplant: Virginia’s Early Coal Trade from an Atlantic Perspective
Sean Adams, University of Central Florida

Comment: Margaret E. Newell

Session 16 • Environmental “Improvement” and Classification: Local and Transatlantic Perspectives
Main Building, G26

Chair: Felicity Heal, University of Oxford

Colonization and Fen Drainings as English Projects: A Comparative Analysis
Karen Ordahl Kupperman, New York University

“A reall-royall-solid-rich-staple Commodity”: Silk and the Reformation of Virginia
Susan Scott Parrish, University of Michigan

“Viewing Nature with a Purpose”: Transatlantic Epistolary Exchange and the Problem of Scientific Authority
Stephanie Volmer, Rutgers University

Comment: Clive Holmes, University of Oxford

Session 17 • New England and Slavery
Main Building, G29

Chair: Sylvia Frey, Tulane University

Slavery, Print, and the Atlantic Community in Eighteenth-Century New England
Robert E. Desrochers, Jr., Eastern Illinois University

The Rhode Island Slave Traders: Butchers, Bakers, and Candlestick-Makers
Rachel Chernos, Brown University

Boston, the Problem of Slavery, and the Nature of the Atlantic World
Mark A. Peterson, University of Iowa

Comment: Tim Lockley, University of Warwick

Session 18 • Sex, Scandal, and Subversion: Challenges to Gender Norms in Early America
Main Building, G6

Chair: Nicholas Canny, National University of Ireland, Galway

A Transatlantic Tale of Marriage, Madness, and Woe: The Travels and Scandals of Jean François Reynier and Maria Barbara Knoll, 1728–1777
Aaron S. Fogleman, University of South Alabama

Mad, Bad, and Dangerous to Know: The Life and Crimes of Ann Baker Carson
Susan Branson, University of Texas, Dallas

Columbia’s Daughters in Drag; or, Cross-Dressing, Collaboration, and Authorship in Early American Novels
Lisa Logan, University of Central Florida

Comment: Susan E. Klepp, Temple University